what is the meaning of schizophrenia ? Have you ever heard the word schizophrenia , well some of us yes or some of us never , but literally we heard the word Hallucinations.
Right but have you try to understand what is the concept behind it , well let’s go and know the
thing in medical way .
Defination of Schizophrenia :
A long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation.
In schizophrenia patient facing various type of real and unreal things revolving there surrounding. Patient failure to understand what is real. Patient stays in confusing state where he/she does not predict what is happening surrounding is real or fake . Mostly patient suffers from the state where he/she hearing various types of voices at a time that other people surrounding does not hear. Patient with Schizophrenia have additional Mental health problem. Patient mainly suffers from these stage at the age of sixteen (16) to thirty (30). In which patient suffers from depression.
Symptoms are developed gradually and symptoms are categorized into positive and negative symptoms. The causes of schizophrenia include environmental and genetic factors.
Positive Symptoms :
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia are delusions, hallucinations, incoherent speech and disorganized or catatonic behavior. These positive symptoms occur mostly in the acute phase of schizophrenia.
Delusion is state in which patient thinks but they found more disturbance and hurdles in the content of thinking and thoughts. In which patient see things as they are , but associate these with beliefs that are inconsistent despite evidence to the contrary.
Hallucinations are disturbances in perception: sensations are experienced as real sensory perceptions while there is in fact no external stimulation of the senses involved. There are usually auditory hallucinations (hearing voices) in schizophrenia.
Negative Symptoms :
Except these positive symptoms there are negative symptoms as well in schizophrenia. Negative symptoms are symptoms lacking manifestations of mental functions that are normally present. In schizophrenia these are: flat expressions or little emotion, apathy, poverty of speech, inability to experience pleasure, lack of desire to form relationships, and lack of motivations.
Negative symptoms usually develop after a period of time and are often characteristic of a chronic schizophrenia.
Treatment for schizophrenia :
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has developed the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Criteria for schizophrenia are described in the DSM.
1. At least two of the following symptoms for a month:
Severe disorganized or catatonic behavior,
2.Significant impairment in functioning (e.g. at work, relationships) from the beginning.
3. Duration of at least six months.
Effect of schizophrenia :
Patient with disorder schizophrenia life expectancy is ten to twenty five years less than normal population. Because of these disorder the no. of suicide and physical health problem raised in worldwide. According to the servery of worldwide estimated 17000 people died in a year because of these disorder of schizophrenia.
HELP WITH MEDICAL TREATMENT :
There are many hospitals and research center found the cure on Schizophrenia , here is the link of some of them